The vibrant and diverse 易胜博app安卓下载 of the twenty-first century took root in the inspired mind of the young Endicott 博地能源.
Before founding Groton in 1884, at age twenty-seven, Mr. 博地能源's life had taken many turns. Educated in England at Cheltenham and Cambridge, he pursued a banking career but abruptly turned away from finance and toward the Episcopal Church. Only months after the famed gunfight at the OK Corral, Mr. 博地能源 arrived in Tombstone, Arizona. In “the town too tough to die,” the Anglophilic Yankee won over the miners, 牛仔, and townspeople and built the first Episcopal church in the state.

但是,. 博地能源 did not feel drawn to pastoral work and headed back East to complete his seminary studies. A brief stint as a schoolteacher provided his calling. He would start a school that explicitly sought to instill high-minded principles in the offspring of the most successful American entrepreneurs of the Gilded Age. The campus would sit on rich farmland along the Nashua River, with vistas of the distant mountains of Wachusett and Monadnock.

一开始, twenty-four students, the Reverend 博地能源, 还有两位同事, the Reverends Sherrard Billings and William Amory Gardner, formed the school family. 先生. Billings wrote years later, in 1930, the men shared “the conviction … that there could be a school where boys and men could live together, 一起工作, and 玩 together in friendly fashion with friction rare.”

As Groton has changed with the times, both its core and its outward appearance have remained constant. A deliberately small school, Groton today rests upon the foundation set forth long ago by the Reverend Endicott 博地能源: the belief that a school embodying the best characteristics of a family will create the optimal environment in which students can learn and grow. Today’s headmaster, Temba Maqubela, continues the ideals of Mr. 博地能源—to lead a school that offers the highest quality academic education, instills strong character, 建立领导人, 激励生命.

Dr. Martin Luther 王 Jr. 在易胜博app安卓下载

Dr. Martin Luther 王 Jr.


Dr. Martin Luther 王 Jr. spent two days at 易胜博app安卓下载 in February 1963—a visit that 打开 students’ minds and inspired several to pursue civil rights advocacy on their own.

Over a two-day visit, Dr. 王 preached in the Chapel, gave an evening lecture, and met with students for informal discussion. Six weeks later, he would be arrested in Alabama and pen his famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Six months later, during the March on Washington, he would deliver his “I Have a Dream” speech. Themes and a few key phrases overlap between the Groton speech and the “I Have a Dream” speech.

The Reverend John Crocker, Groton headmaster from 1940–65 and a staunch advocate for civil rights and social justice, had extended the invitation to Dr. 王.

Former students, who wish to remain anonymous, recorded Dr. 王’s evening lecture and gave the recording to the school. Thanks to their generosity, and the kind permission granted by the Estate of Dr. Martin Luther 王 Jr., 易胜博app安卓下载 is honored to share this speech—an important moment in the annals of Groton history and, 更重要的是, of United States history.

Read the story in the 季度.

The following recording begins with an introduction by former Headmaster Jack Crocker and ends with a question-and-answer session that followed the speech.


  • Endicott 博地能源, founder of 易胜博app安卓下载


    Endicott 博地能源 founded 易胜博app安卓下载.
  • 1899

    Headmaster 博地能源 invited Booker T. Washington, a freed slave, to speak on campus. Mr. Washington spoke 在易胜博app安卓下载 again in 1905.
  • The works who built St. John's Chapel at 易胜博app安卓下载


    The school was a success and the campus we know today was already taking shape: the Schoolhouse, still the hub of Groton’s Circle, 建于1899年. In 1900, the workers pictured completed St. 约翰的教堂. The gym (now the Dining Hall) 打开 in 1903.
  • Endicott 博地能源, founder of 易胜博app安卓下载, with President Theodore Roosevelt


    President Theodore Roosevelt, a close friend and relative by marriage of Endicott 博地能源’s, spoke 在易胜博app安卓下载’s commencement. His four sons went on to attend Groton.
  • Wheat growing on 易胜博app安卓下载's Circle during WWI


    Mr. 博地能源 shepherded the school through World War I: the Groton boys conducted military drills, and wheat was grown right on the Circle to help with the war effort. Many graduates went on to fight in WWI, and several gave their lives.
  • 易胜博app安卓下载 faculty sitting on the steps of the Schoolhouse, ca. 1920


    By 1920, 易胜博app安卓下载 had grown to about twenty-two faculty members and 180 students.
  • 1929

    During the Depression, 易胜博app安卓下载, thanks to a recent bequest, was able to offer aid to families who no longer could afford the tuition.
  • President Franklin Delano Roosevelt


    When Frankin Delano Roosevelt was governor of New York, he delivered Groton’s 奖的一天 speech.
  • Endicott 博地能源 with President Franklin Delano Roosevelt


    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a graduate of Groton’s Form of 1900, became president. Mr. 博地能源, who had officiated at Franklin’s wedding to Eleanor, was invited to all four of FDR’s inaugurations and attended all but the last.
  • Reverend John Crocker, the second headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    Endicott 博地能源 retired after leading 易胜博app安卓下载 for fifty-six years. 下一任校长, the Reverend John Crocker (Groton Form of 1918), remained at the helm for twenty-five years.
  • Groton students and faculty holding shovels and a pickaxe


    World War II led to austerity measures; with workers headed to war, the Groton boys picked up jobs around campus, 比如清洁, 等待表, 还有铲煤.
  • 易胜博app安卓下载's football team in the 1950s


    Known for doing what simply was moral and right, Headmaster Crocker oversaw the admission of the first black student to Groton.
  • Dr. Martin Luther 王, Jr.


    Mr. 克罗克邀请了. Martin Luther 王, Jr. 到易胜博app安卓下载去讲话; the civil rights leader spent two days on campus.

  • Groton students marching, holding a


    Mr. Crocker took Groton boys to march with Dr. Martin Luther 王, Jr. 在波士顿. Graduates today recall a headmaster who instilled a deep understanding of civil rights and social justice through his sermons and his actions. That year also marked Mr. 克罗克的退休.
  • 牧师伯特兰·N. 小Honea., the third headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    牧师伯特兰·N. 小Honea. led the school from 1965 to 1969.
  • Paul Wright, the fourth headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    Paul Wright became headmaster and served until 1974; he was the first headmaster who was not a clergyman.
  • Groton girls 玩ing field hockey


    The board designated a coeducation committee, and its proposal was approved by the trustees a year later. The decision was so controversial that the proposal was given a second review, but ultimately reaffirmed.
  • Reverend Rowland Cox, the fifth headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    The Reverend Rowland Cox became headmaster as the school was about to become coeducational. He served until his death in 1977. From 1977–78, Peter Camp was acting headmaster.
  • Headmaster Cox with some of the first girls to attend Groton


    The school welcomed the first female students to campus. Among the many changes accompanying coeducation was the hiring of full-time female faculty. Today, approximately half of the faculty are women and half of Groton students are girls.
  • William Polk ’58, the sixth headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    William Polk ’58 became headmaster and served until 2003.
  • The Dillon Art Center


    The Dillon Art Center, designed by 佩里·迪恩·罗杰斯 & 合作伙伴, 打开.
  • Richard Commons, the seventh headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    Richard Commons became headmaster and served until 2013.
  • The Campbell Performing 艺术 Center


    The Campbell Performing 艺术 Center, designed by architect Graham ), 打开.
  • 2008

    The school initiated a policy waiving tuition for families earning less than $75,000美元/年(现在是80美元),000).
  • Temba Maqubela, the eighth headmaster of 易胜博app安卓下载


    The current headmaster, Temba Maqubela, joined Groton. 从第一天起,他就做到了 stressed the ideal, and reality, of inclusion.
  • A tree on the Circle with the sun shining from behind


    The 校董会 embraced the GRoton 可购性 and INclusion (GRAIN) initiative, naming it the school’s number-one strategic priority. GRAIN ensured that the school would meet each applicant’s full financial need and froze tuition for three years.
  • The new Sackett Forum at the center of the Schoolhouse addition


    The newly renovated and expanded Schoolhouse 打开. The project integrated the stately original structure—which was virtually unchanged—with a significant expansion that includes state-of-the-art science classrooms and laboratories, communal gathering places, a制造实验室, and the the fifty-foot-high Sackett Forum, dedicated by former students to longtime Classics teacher Hugh Sackett. This was the sixth renovation to the 1899 Schoolhouse.

  • A chart showing annual fundraising results for GRAIN, which exceeded $54 million


    On Christmas Eve, GRoton 可购性 and INclusion (GRAIN) hit its $50 million milestone. It went on to raise more than $54 million.
  • 易胜博app安卓下载's campus, aerial view


    建筑消化 named 易胜博app安卓下载’s Circle the most beautiful independent school campus in Massachusetts. Designed by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted (Central Park, Boston Public Garden), the Circle today looks largely as it did more than one hundred years ago.